Benefits of Using a Submersible Pump for Your Fountain

Fountains have long been cherished for their aesthetic appeal and the calming effect they bring to any space. Whether it’s a small garden fountain or a grand public display, maintaining these water features is crucial to ensure their beauty and functionality. A key aspect of fountain maintenance is choosing the right pump, as it significantly impacts the performance and longevity of the fountain. Among the various types of pumps available, submersible pumps for fountains stand out due to their numerous advantages.

What is a Submersible Pump for Fountain?

Definition and Basic Working Principle

A submersible pump for fountain is designed to operate while fully submerged in water. Unlike external pumps, which are placed outside the water and use suction to draw water. Submersible pumps push water to the surface by converting rotary energy into kinetic energy and then into pressure energy. This type of pump is sealed to prevent water from entering and damaging the internal components, ensuring safe and efficient operation underwater.

Types of Submersible Pumps Available

A submersible pump for fountain comes in various types, tailored to different needs and preferences. Some common types include:

  1. Centrifugal Submersible Pumps: Use a rotating impeller to create a flow of water.
  2. Axial Flow Submersible Pumps: Move water along the axis of the pump, suitable for high flow, low head applications.
  3. Mixed Flow Submersible Pumps: Combine features of centrifugal and axial flow pumps for a balance of flow and pressure.
  4. Solar Submersible Pumps: Powered by solar panels, ideal for eco-friendly applications.

Key Features of Submersible Pumps

Key features of submersible pumps that make them ideal for fountains include:

  1. Waterproof Sealing: Prevents water ingress and protects internal components.
  2. Compact Design: Fits easily into fountain structures without being visible.
  3. Built-in Filters: Helps prevent debris from clogging the pump.
  4. Adjustable Flow Rates: Allows customization of water flow to suit different fountain designs.

Benefits of Using a Submersible Pump for Your Fountain

Ease of Installation and Maintenance

Simple Installation Process

Submersible pumps are relatively easy to install. Since they are designed to operate underwater, they do not require complex suction lines or external priming. The installation typically involves placing the pump in the desired location within the fountain basin, connecting the power supply, and ensuring it is securely positioned. The simplicity of the process makes it accessible for professional installers.

Minimal Maintenance Requirements

Submersible pumps generally require less maintenance compared to external pumps. Their underwater placement means they are less exposed to environmental elements that can cause wear and tear. Routine maintenance involves periodic inspection and cleaning to remove debris and ensure optimal performance. The ease of maintenance contributes to the overall convenience of using submersible pumps for fountains.

Energy Efficiency

Lower Energy Consumption Compared to Other Pump Types

Submersible pumps are known for their efficiency. They consume less power because they push water directly to the surface. This efficiency translates into lower electricity consumption and maintenance, making submersible pumps a cost-effective choice for long-term use.

Impact on Electricity Bills and Environmental Footprint

The energy efficiency of submersible pumps not only reduces electricity bills but also contributes to a smaller environmental footprint. These pumps help in conserving energy resources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity generation. For environmentally conscious individuals and organizations, submersible pumps offer a sustainable solution for fountain maintenance.

Noise Reduction

Quiet Operation Due to Underwater Placement

One of the standout features of submersible pumps is their quiet operation. Being submerged in water naturally muffles the noise produced by the pump, resulting in a serene and tranquil fountain environment. This is particularly beneficial for residential areas, gardens, and public spaces where noise pollution can be a concern.

Comparison with External Pumps

External pumps, often placed in exposed locations, tend to produce more noise due to the operation of their motors and the movement of water through suction lines. Submersible pumps operate silently beneath the water surface. It enhances the overall ambiance and experience of the fountain without the intrusion of mechanical noise.

Aesthetic and Functional Advantages

Hidden from View for a Cleaner Look

Submersible pumps are designed to be placed underwater, keeping them hidden from view. This discreet placement helps maintain the aesthetic appeal of the fountain, as there are no visible pump components or external hoses cluttering the design. The result is a cleaner and more visually pleasing fountain display.

Consistent Water Flow and Fountain Performance

The placement of submersible pumps directly in the water allows for consistent and reliable water flow. This consistency is crucial for maintaining the desired effect of the fountain, whether it’s a gentle trickle or a powerful spray. Submersible pumps ensure that the water movement is smooth and uninterrupted, enhancing the overall performance of the fountain.

Versatility and Flexibility

Suitable for Various Fountain Sizes and Designs

Submersible pumps are versatile and can be used in a wide range of fountain sizes and designs. Whether you have a small tabletop fountain or a large garden pond, there is a submersible pump that can meet your specific requirements. Their adaptability makes them a popular choice for diverse applications.

Adjustable Flow Rates and Multiple Nozzle Options

Many submersible pumps come with adjustable flow rates, allowing users to customize the water flow according to their preferences. Additionally, they often include multiple nozzle options that can create different water effects, such as streams, sprays, or bubbles. This flexibility enables users to experiment with various fountain designs and achieve the desired aesthetic and functional outcomes.

Durability and Longevity

Made from Robust Materials for Underwater Use

Submersible pumps are constructed from durable materials designed to withstand the challenging conditions of underwater use. Materials such as stainless steel, high-grade plastics, and corrosion-resistant alloys ensure that the pumps remain functional and reliable over long periods.

Resistance to Wear and Tear from Debris and Elements

The robust construction of submersible pumps also makes them resistant to wear and tear caused by debris and environmental elements. Built-in filters and protective casings help prevent damage from particles and contaminants. They ensure the longevity of the pump and reducing the need for frequent replacements or repairs.

Safety Features

Reduced Risk of Electrical Hazards

Submersible pumps are designed with safety in mind. Their waterproof sealing and underwater operation significantly reduce the risk of electrical hazards. Unlike external pumps, there is no risk of electrical shock from exposed wiring or components.

Safety Precautions and Standards

Manufacturers of submersible pumps adhere to stringent safety standards and regulations to ensure user safety. Features such as thermal overload protection, which automatically shuts off the pump in case of overheating, add an extra layer of safety. These precautions make submersible pumps a reliable and secure choice for fountain applications.

Choosing the Right Submersible Pump for Your Fountain

Factors to Consider

When selecting a submersible pump for your fountain, several factors need to be considered to ensure optimal performance:

  1. Size of the Fountain: The size of your fountain will determine the required pump capacity.
  2. Flow Rate: Measured in gallons per hour (GPH), the flow rate should match the desired water effect. Flow rate is measured at different heights (the pump curve)
  3. Head Height: The vertical distance the pump needs to lift the water, impacts the pump’s power requirements.

How to Calculate the Required Pump Size

To calculate the required pump size, consider the following:

  1. Determine the Flow Rate: For a gentle trickle, 50-100 GPH;  for a robust flow, 100-1200 GPH depending on fountain design.
  2. Measure the Head Height: Measure the vertical distance from the pump to the highest point the water will reach.
  3. Consider Additional Features: Ensure the pump can handle any additional features such as filters or multiple nozzles.

Additional Features to Look For

When choosing a submersible pump, consider additional features that can enhance its functionality:

  1. Timers: Allow you to automate the pump operation, saving energy and ensuring consistent performance.
  2. Built-in Filters: Help prevent debris from entering the pump and prolong its lifespan.
  3. Adjustable Flow Controls: Provide flexibility in customizing the water flow.

Installation Guide for Submersible Pumps

Step-by-Step Installation Instructions

  1. Prepare the Fountain Basin: Clean the basin and remove any debris.
  2. Position the Pump: Place the pump at the bottom of the basin, ensuring it is stable and secure. The pump should be fully submersed at all times.
  3. Connect the Tubing: Attach the vinyl tubing or PVC to the pump’s outlet.
  4. Install the Nozzle: If using a nozzle, attach it to the end of the tubing and adjust the flow as needed.
  5. Connect to Power Supply: Plug the pump into a power source, ensuring all electrical connections are waterproof and safe.
  6. Test the Pump: Turn on the pump and check for consistent water flow and proper operation.

Common Challenges and Solutions

  1. Air Locks: If the pump fails to prime, check for air locks in the tubing and remove them by adjusting the tubing or gently shaking the pump or plugging and unplugging power source several times in a row.
  2. Clogged Filters: Regularly clean the built-in filters to prevent clogs and maintain optimal performance.
  3. Low Water Levels: Ensure the fountain basin is always filled to the appropriate level to prevent the pump from running dry. Use a fountain auto-fill system when possible.

Tips for Optimal Performance

  1. Regular Maintenance: Perform routine inspections and cleaning to keep the pump in good working condition.
  2. Protect from Freezing: In colder climates, remove and store the pump indoors during winter to prevent damage from freezing temperatures.
  3. Monitor Water Quality: Use clean water and avoid adding substances that can harm the pump or clog the filters.

Maintenance Tips for Submersible Pumps

Routine Inspection and Cleaning

Regular maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity and performance of your submersible pump. This includes:

  1. Weekly Inspections: Check for debris buildup and clean the pump and filters as needed.
  2. Monthly Cleaning: Disassemble the pump and clean all components to remove any accumulated dirt or algae.
  3. Seasonal Overhaul: Before the start of each season, conduct a thorough inspection and clean, and replace any worn-out parts.

Seasonal Maintenance (Winterizing the Pump)

In regions with freezing temperatures, it’s important to winterize your pump to prevent damage:

  1. Remove the Pump: Disconnect and remove the pump from the fountain basin.
  2. Clean and Dry: Thoroughly clean and dry the pump to prevent mold and mildew.
  3. Store Indoors: Store the pump in a dry, indoor location to protect it from freezing conditions.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

  1. Pump Not Running: Check the power supply and ensure all connections are secure. Inspect the pump for clogs or blockages.
  2. Reduced Water Flow: Clean the filters and check for obstructions in the tubing. Ensure the water level in the basin is adequate.
  3. Noisy Operation: Verify that the pump is fully submerged and not vibrating against any surfaces. Clean any debris that might be causing noise.

Environmental Impact of Submersible Pumps

Energy Savings and Eco-Friendly Benefits

Submersible pumps contribute to environmental sustainability through their energy-efficient operation. By consuming less power, they help reduce overall energy demand and minimize the environmental impact associated with electricity generation. Additionally, their efficient water circulation promotes healthy water ecosystems, preventing stagnation and supporting aquatic life.

Contribution to Sustainable Water Features

Using submersible pumps in fountains aligns with the principles of sustainable water management. These pumps help maintain water clarity and quality, reducing the need for chemical treatments. Furthermore, submersible pumps powered by renewable energy sources, such as solar panels, offer an even greater eco-friendly advantage. They support the creation of sustainable and environmentally responsible water features.


Submersible pumps offer numerous benefits that make them an excellent choice for maintaining fountains. Their ease of installation and maintenance, energy efficiency, quiet operation, aesthetic and functional advantages, versatility, durability, and safety features set them apart from other types of pumps. When choosing a submersible pump, it’s important to consider factors such as size, flow rate, and head height to ensure optimal performance. Explore our website if you are looking for a submersible pump for a fountain.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do submersible pumps compare to external pumps in terms of noise levels?

Submersible pumps are known for their quiet operation due to their placement underwater, which naturally dampens noise. In contrast, external pumps can be louder because they operate outside the water and may produce more mechanical noise from their motors and suction lines.

What are the environmental benefits of using a submersible pump for my fountain?

Submersible pumps contribute to environmental sustainability primarily through their energy efficiency. By consuming less power compared to external pumps, they help reduce electricity demand and lower greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy generation. Additionally, their efficient water circulation supports healthier water ecosystems in fountains, reducing the need for chemical treatments.

Are submersible pumps difficult to install and maintain?

No, submersible pumps are generally straightforward to install and maintain. The installation process involves placing the pump in the fountain basin and connecting it to a power source. Maintenance typically includes periodic cleaning of filters and inspections for debris, which is less cumbersome compared to external pumps that may require more extensive upkeep.

What factors should I consider when choosing a submersible pump for my fountain?

When selecting a submersible pump, consider factors such as the size of your fountain, desired flow rate, and head height requirements. Matching the pump’s capacity to these specifications ensures optimal performance and longevity. Look for features like adjustable flow rates, built-in filters, and safety mechanisms to enhance functionality and reliability.